Working under stress could be considered a common occurrence in most day-to-day activities, but too much might be worse than you think.
Jessica Briere, a chiropractor and wellness practitioner for Complete Chiropractic, said stress is perception and the body makes it a reality. Part of stress resulted in the "fight or flight" response, but staying in that mindset for an extended period of time can be unhealthy.
"When you have stress it's natural for your body to kick into that (fight or flight) mode," Dan Watkins, with Volunteer Chiropractic in Knoxville, said. "It kicks up your adrenaline so you can get away, and your heart rate goes up. But the problem is people today stay in that constant state all the time, and so what it does (is) it will wear down your adrenal glands so you stay tired all of the time.
"You're constantly amped up and then you'll crash," he said. "And so that's where the sleeping problems can come."
According to a 2012 American Psychological Association survey, 20 percent of Americans said their stress was at least an eight out of 10. The top three causes for stress were money, work and the economy -- 69 percent, 65 percent and 61 percent, respectively. The last source of stress presented was personal health concerns at 51 percent. Forty percent said they had trouble sleeping.
Watkins said society may be to blame for money being more of a concern than personal health.
"I would say that society looks at things and says that instead of -- what I usually tell people is your health is your wealth," he said. "What a lot of people will look at it and flip it around and say wealth equals health ..."
Too much stress could prevent the body from functioning properly, Briere said. She said to remember the "80/20 rule" when someone needed to put things back in perspective. Eighty percent included scenarios people could normally handle, and 20 percent entailed scenarios people had no control over, she said.
"Maybe in that '80/20' (rule) you break that down into even smaller segments," Watkins said. "You just kind of take inventory and say, 'OK, I need to concentrate on this and this and this.'"
Watkins said a balanced diet and enough exercise would help cope with stress. Picking up a hobby would also be a way to manage any high-level concerns because they distract the mind, he said.
But hobbies must be controlled. Lack of control could "overtake them or overwhelm them," Watkins said.
"Stop and think if it is a life-threatening situation," Briere said. "Another good question to ask is 'In five years am I going to remember this day?' I think when we understand what's going on that we can (do) something about it, and knowledge of that is (in) sports. If you know the weakness of your opponent then you have more chance of actually winning, and that's the same thing with stress and emotional health in general."